spend


spend
1. I
earn before you spend сначала заработай, а потом уж трать; I haven't much to spend я не могу тратить много [денег]
2. II
spend in some manner spend recklessly /rashly/ (freely, lavishly, right and left, etc.) нерасчетливо и т.д. тратить /расходовать/ деньги; I am always spending у меня всегда расходы, я всегда трачу деньги
3. III
spend smth.
1) spend one's money (one's income, one's savings, etc.) тратить /расходовать/ свои деньги и т.д.
2) spend one's strength /one's force/ (all one's ammunition, etc.) истратить /израсходовать/ свои силы и т.д.
3) spend a sleepless night (a pleasant evening, a few instructive hours, etc.) проводить бессонную ночь и т.д.;
4. IV
1) spend smth. in some manner spend smth. quickly (freely, liberally /lavishly/, right and left, economically, wisely, foolishly, rashly /recklessly/, etc.) быстро и т.д. тратить /расходовать/ что-л.; how do you spend your time? как вы проводите время?; spend smth. in some time spend much money every day (ten dollars today, t 200 a year, etc.) тратить много денег каждый день и т.д.
2) spend time somewhere spend too much time here (the winter abroad, etc.) проводить слишком много времени здесь и т.д.; I meant to spend the night here я хотел переночевать здесь /провести здесь ночь/
5. XI
1) be spent ill-gotten money is soon spent что нечестно наживается, то быстро проживается; be spent towards smth. he contributed a lot of money to be spent towards the improvement of medical care он пожертвовал много денег на улучшение /усовершенствование/ медицинского обслуживания
2) be spent in doing smth. a week may be spent in seeing the sights на осмотр достопримечательностей отводится неделя
6. XVIII
spend oneself his anger will soon spend itself его гнев скоро пройдет, он скоро перестанет сердиться; the storm has spent itself буря улеглась; his rage spent itself on the dog он сорвал свой гнев на собаке; he spends himself for his children он выматывается /выбивается из сил/ ради детей
7. XXI1
1) spend smth. on (for) smb., smth. spend money [lavishly (recklessly, etc.)] on oneself (on books, on smb.'s education, on a mere hobby, on cigarettes, etc.) [щедро и т.д.] тратить /расходовать/ деньги на себя и т.д.; spend too much money (very little money, all one's fortune, five pounds, etc.) on smb., smth. тратить /расходовать/ слишком много денег и т.д. на кого-л., что-л.; I spent my whole life on it я этому посвятил всю свою жизнь; spend a lot of money for clothes (for amusements, for books, etc.) тратить много денег на одежду и т.д.; spend a lot of money for nought тратить много денег впустую; I'm willing to spend a lot for a piano на рояль я денег не пожалею; spend smth. in some time we spent more money than ever during our holidays во время нашего отпуска мы истратили больше денег, чем всегда
2) spend smth. on (for, over, etc.) smth. spend a whole chapter on unimportant details (so many pages on the incident, etc.) отводить целую главу мелким /незначительным/ деталям и т.д.; spend one's blood and life for the cause of liberty отдавать силы и жизнь борьбе за свободу; spend one's strength (one's efforts) in vain (to no purpose) тратить силы напрасно (безрезультатно); spend one's words /one's breath/ in vain тратить слова впустую; it is useless to spend any more pains over it что толку заниматься этим дальше?; spend time on smth. spend much time on research (nearly twenty years on a project, etc.) тратить много времени на изыскания и т.д.; spend time in /at/ some place spend a lot of time in the library (a day at the beach, a delightful day in the country, more than half his life in Paris, the remainder of his years in Japan, etc.) проводить много времени в библиотеке и т.д.; spend many hours in a pleasant conversation проводить часы в приятной беседе, часами вести приятную беседу; spend all one's life in poverty прожить всю жизнь в нищете; spend time with smb. spend months (a fortnight, the day and evening, an afternoon, etc.) with smb. проводить долгие месяцы и т.д. с кем-л.; come and spend a week with us приезжайте и поживите у нас недельку; spend time over smth. spend time over books (over newspapers, etc.) проводить время за книгами и т.д.
8. XXII
1) spend money in doing smth. spend money in buying books (in drinking, in gambling, etc.) тратить деньги на покупку книг и т.д.
2) spend smth. in doing smth. spend one's trouble (one's breath) in trying to help (in convincing him, etc.) тратить немало труда (немало слов), чтобы попытаться помочь и т.д.; spend time in (on) doing smth. spend much time in gardening тратить на свой сад много времени; spend part of the time in fishing часть своего времени заниматься рыбной ловлей; spend a lot of time in dressing уделять много времени своему туалету; spend one's holidays in reading провести весь свой отпуск за чтением /за книгами/; spend a lifetime on developing this theory посвятить всю жизнь разработке этой темы

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

Смотреть что такое "spend" в других словарях:

  • spend — W1S1 [spend] v past tense and past participle spent [spent] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(money)¦ 2¦(time)¦ 3 4¦(force/effort)¦ 5 spend a penny ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1100 1200; Origin: Partly from Latin expendere ( EXPEND) and partly, later, from Old French …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • spend — [ spend ] (past tense and past participle spent [ spent ] ) verb *** 1. ) intransitive or transitive to use money to pay for things: How much money did you spend? spend for: This year we will spend more money for medical care. spend something… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • spend — /spend/ past tense and past participle spent /spent/ verb 1 MONEY (I, T) to use your money to buy or pay for things: spend money/ 5/$10/a lot: I spent so much money this weekend! | spend money etc on sth: More money should be spent on health and… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • spend — spend, *expend, disburse can mean to pay out money or an equivalent of money for something or in expectation of some return. Spend is the ordinary term; it may be used regardless of the amount dealt out in the purchase of something {spend a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Spend — Spend, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spent}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Spending}.] [AS. spendan (in comp.), fr. L. expendere or dispendere to weigh out, to expend, dispense. See {Pendant}, and cf. {Dispend}, {Expend}, {Spence}, {Spencer}.] 1. To weigh or lay out;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spend — /spend/, v., spent, spending. v.t. 1. to pay out, disburse, or expend; dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.): resisting the temptation to spend one s money. 2. to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some… …   Universalium

  • spend´er — spend «spehnd», verb, spent, spend|ing. –v.t. 1. to pay out: »She spent ten dollars shopping for food today. 2. to use (labor, material, thought, or some other re …   Useful english dictionary

  • spend*/*/*/ — [spend] (past tense and past participle spent [spent] ) verb 1) [I/T] to use money to pay for things How much money did you spend?[/ex] You spend too much on clothes.[/ex] 2) [T] to stay somewhere, or to do something, for a period of time We… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • spend — ► VERB (past and past part. spent) 1) pay out (money) in buying or hiring goods or services. 2) use or use up (energy or resources); exhaust. 3) pass (time) in a specified way. ► NOUN informal ▪ an amount of money paid out. ● …   English terms dictionary

  • Spend — Spend, v. i. 1. To expend money or any other possession; to consume, use, waste, or part with, anything; as, he who gets easily spends freely. [1913 Webster] He spends as a person who knows that he must come to a reckoning. South. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spend — [v1] give, pay out absorb, allocate, ante up*, apply, bestow, blow*, cast away, come across, come through, concentrate, confer, consume, contribute, cough up*, defray, deplete, disburse, dispense, dissipate, donate, drain, drop, employ, empty,… …   New thesaurus

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